Vedic Mathematics is a system of mathematics that originated in ancient India and is based on the Vedas, the sacred texts of Hinduism. It is a set of techniques and principles that allow for quick and efficient calculations of mathematical problems, including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and calculus.
Vedic Mathematics is known for its simplicity, clarity, and speed, and is designed to make mathematical calculations easier, faster, and more enjoyable. The system is based on 16 Sutras (aphorisms) and 13 sub-sutras, which are simple rules or formulas that can be used to solve mathematical problems in a variety of ways.
Some of the key features of Vedic Mathematics include the use of mental calculation techniques, such as using patterns and symmetry to simplify complex problems, and the ability to perform calculations without the need for paper and pen. The system also emphasizes the use of intuitive and visual approaches to problem-solving, as opposed to relying solely on memorization and rote learning.
Overall, Vedic Mathematics is a holistic and integrated approach to mathematics that seeks to develop not just the intellect, but also the intuition and creativity of the learner. It is a unique and valuable contribution to the field of mathematics that has gained popularity around the world in recent years.
Vedic Maths Techniques
In Vedic Mathematics, there are many techniques that involve making gestures with the fingers, hands, and body to perform mental calculations quickly and accurately. These techniques are based on the concept of “mental imagery” or “mental visualisation”, which is a fundamental aspect of Vedic Mathematics.
For example, the technique of “multiplying numbers by 9” involves making gestures with the fingers to visualize the result of the calculation. To multiply a number by 9, you simply hold your hands in front of you with the fingers extended, and then bend down the finger that corresponds to the number being multiplied. The number of fingers to the left of the bent finger gives you the first digit of the answer, and the number of fingers to the right gives you the second digit.
Another example is the technique of “squaring numbers ending in 5”, which involves using hand gestures to visualize the answer. To square a number ending in 5, you simply multiply the first digit of the number by itself plus 1, and then write down 25 at the end. For example, to square 35, you multiply 3 by 4 to get 12, and then write down 25 at the end to get 1225.
These techniques are based on the idea that the mind can perform calculations quickly and accurately if it is trained to use mental imagery and visualisation. By using gestures with the fingers, hands, and body, learners can develop their mental imagery skills and perform calculations more easily and efficiently.